Dyspepsia -DNB CET HYT

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“A 46-year-old man who reports 3 months of discomfort centered around his upper abdomen. It is associated with heartburn, frequent belching, bloating, and occasional nausea
Clinical Discussion
Dyspepsia refers to a set of
symptoms that can encompass a variety of diseases and the etiologies associated
with them. Most clinicians describe dyspepsia as chronic or recurrent discomfort
centered around the upper abdomen. Dyspepsia can be associated
with heartburn, belching, bloating, nausea, or vomiting, and while common
causes include peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and GERD, no specific etiology is
found for 50% to 60% of patients who present with dyspepsia. Only 15% to
25% of patients with dyspepsia have ulcer disease, and only 5% to 15% have
GERD. Rare causes include gastric or pancreatic cancers.”

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